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dc.contributor.advisorSegarra Alméstica, Eileen V.
dc.contributor.authorCáceres Gómez, Natasha
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-24T15:32:59Z
dc.date.available2020-06-24T15:32:59Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositorio.upr.edu/handle/11721/2027
dc.description.abstractEn esta investigación se analiza el impacto de las tasas impositivas gubernamentales aplicadas a los cigarrillos sobre el comportamiento de consumo en Puerto Rico. Se utilizaron datos individuales de corte transversal agrupados para periodos bienales comprendidos entre 2000 al 2018. Se encontró que los impuestos reflejan una relación negativa y estadísticamente significativa con la prevalencia de consumo. Se concluye que ante aumentos en las tasas impositivas muchos individuos no cesan en definitivo su consumo por cigarrillos. No obstante, esta política desincentiva la frecuencia de uso. Los arbitrios modelan un efecto marginal promedio de -1.45 puntos porcentuales. Se estima una mayor elasticidad en la participación de consumo para las personas de edad avanzada (-.45) en comparación con los jóvenes (-.39). En adición, el alcohol se modeló como un bien complementario, aquellos que consumen alcohol en exceso son 3.4 veces más propensos que aquellos individuos que no consumen alcohol controlando para covariables.es_ES
dc.description.abstractThis research analyzes the impact of government tax rates applied to cigarettes on consumption behavior in Puerto Rico. Pooled cross-sectional data collected from 2000 to 2018 among individuals aged at least 18 years old were used. The association between cigarette taxes and either smoking participation or smoking intensity is statistically significant and negative. There was no consistent evidence of a relevant reduction in smoking prevalence. However, this policy tends to discourage frequency of usage. The average marginal effect of excise tax was -1.45 percentage points. Older adults are more tax responsive (-.45) than young adults (-.39). In addition, binge drinking was the most powerful factor of smoking consumption, individuals who binge drink alcohol are 3.4 times more likely than those who do not, controlling for covariates.en_US
dc.language.isoesen_US
dc.subjectCigarettes—Taxation—Puerto Ricoen_US
dc.subject.lcshConsumer behavior—Puerto Ricoen_US
dc.subject.lcshPuerto Ricans--Tobacco use--Economic aspectsen_US
dc.subject.lcshCigarette smokers--Economic aspects--Puerto Ricoen_US
dc.subject.lcshCigarettes—Taxation—Puerto Ricoen_US
dc.titleEfecto impositivo sobre la prevalencia del consumo de cigarrillos en Puerto Ricoes_ES
dc.rights.licenceAll rights reserveden_US
dc.rights.holderCáceres Gómez, Natashaen_US
dc.graduation.semesterSpring (2nd Semester)en_US
dc.graduation.year2020en_US
dc.contributor.committeeRodríguez Ramos, Carlos
dc.contributor.committeeLuciano Montalvo, Indira
dc.local.DepartmentDepartment of Economicsen_US
dc.local.FacultyCollege of Social Sciencesen_US
dc.degree.levelMaster of Arts in Social Sciences with major in Economicsen_US
dc.type.thesisThesisen_US
dc.subject.keywordsCigarrilloses_ES
dc.subject.keywordsConsumoes_ES
dc.subject.keywordsDemandaes_ES
dc.subject.keywordsImpuestoses_ES
dc.subject.keywordsComportamientoes_ES
dc.subject.keywordsPuerto Ricoes_ES
dc.contributor.campusUniversity of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras Campus


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